Have you ever been in a pinch where you needed to transfer a file between two servers, but didn't want to resort to the usual methods like
scp? Well, you're in luck! Today, we're diving into a clever and efficient way to move files using
base64 within SSH sessions. Perfect for those small, but crucial files.
Update 2024: I tweaked the first step with an additional
echo to make it easier to select the output for copy-pasting.
Let's break down the two step process:
1. Compress, Convert, Copy
On your source server, the magic begins with a simple line:
gzip -c yourfile.txt | base64 -w 0 ; echo
This neat one-liner compresses your file (it doesn't have to be a txt file!) and encodes it into a base64 string, all in a continuous line for easy copying. Clipboard, get ready!
On more modern systems, you could also use
xz instead of
gzip. The example uses gzip because that is more commonly found on a lot of systems.
2. Paste, Decode, Decompress
Over on your destination server, the reversal is just as elegant. Run:
echo "PASTED_BASE64_STRING" | base64 --decode | gunzip > yourfile.txt
Behold! The file reassembles itself, ready for action. That's it.
Bonus: Verifying File Integrity
After transferring your file, it's a good practice to verify that it remains unchanged. We can do this using checksums.
On your source and on your destination run the following:
# Not all systems have all tools, here are some alternatives:
shasum -a 256 yourfile.txt # macOS 14+
sha1sum yourfile.txt # macOS <14 or Linux, If sha256sum is unavailable
openssl sha256 yourfile.txt # A universal option where OpenSSL is installed
Then compare the outputs. If the checksums match, congrats! Your file was transferred intact.
This step, though simple, adds an extra layer of confidence in the reliability of your file transfer process.